Mark Twain--born Samuel Langhone Clemmons, came into the word in 1835 and died in 1910, two years which coincided with the appearance of Halley's Comet. It is even said that he died the day after the comet's 1910 appearance.
Of course, he is best known for the stories that he wrote about life in the South before the Civil War. Adventures of Huckelberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer put him on the literary map.